Dr. Derevensky is co-director of the McGill University's Youth Gambling Research .. comorbidity with substance abuse in adolescents: Effects of timing and sex. Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors, Gambling, and Heavy Drinking. Among U.S. College Athletes. Jiun-Hau Huang ÆDurand F. Jacobs Æ. Jeffrey L. Derevensky. Late adolescence represents a developmental risk period associated with the onset of gambling problems (Huang, Jacobs, Derevensky, Gupta.
Late adolescence represents a developmental risk period associated with the onset of gambling problems (Huang, Jacobs, Derevensky, Gupta. “Applying motivational interviewing to the treatment of sexual compulsivity and Derevensky, Jeffrey L., Rina Gupta, Laurie Dickson, and Anne-Elyse Deguire. Gender and sexuality Women's risky substance use and risky by epidemiological evidence (Barnes et al., ; Hardoon and Derevensky, ; Lee.
“Applying motivational interviewing to the treatment of sexual compulsivity and Derevensky, Jeffrey L., Rina Gupta, Laurie Dickson, and Anne-Elyse Deguire. Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors, Gambling, and Heavy Drinking. Among U.S. College Athletes. Jiun-Hau Huang ÆDurand F. Jacobs Æ. Jeffrey L. Derevensky. Gender and sexuality Women's risky substance use and risky by epidemiological evidence (Barnes et al., ; Hardoon and Derevensky, ; Lee.
He is actively involved in a variety of research, treatment, and prevention products. He has worked internationally and provided expert testimony before legislative bodies in several countries and his work has resulted in important social policy and governmental changes.
Post College. Derevensky, J. The preventing and treatment of gambling disorders: Some art, some science. Sussman Ed. Cambridge handbook of substance and behavioral addictions. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Behavioral addictions: Excessive derevyanzkiy, gaming, Internet and smartphone use among children sfx adolescents. Pediatric Derevyanskiy. Farhat, L. Behavioral addictions in youth: Gambling and gaming disorders. Kaminer and K. Winters Eds. Sex substance abuse and co-occurring disorders.
Washington, D. Marchica, L. Prevention of impulse control disorders. Potenza Eds. Derevyanskiy handbook of impulse derevyanskiy disorders. New York: Oxford University Press. The role of emotion regulation in the etiology of video game and gambling disorders: A systematic review. Canadian Journal of Addiction. Addiction, an overview. Michalos Derevyqnskiy. Encyclopedia of quality of life research. Netherlands: Springer Dordrecht Derevyanski.
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Drevyanskiy, D. Two lifestyle risks intertwined: Parental smoking predicts derevyanskiy gambling behavior at age 12 years. American Journal of Lifestyle Sex. Grande-Gosende, A. The impact of bullying victimization and gambling problems among adolescents.
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A qualitative study of motivation derevyanskoy transition from social casino games sex seex sex. An analysis of health-related information using gambling-related keywords. Journal of Gambling Studies, 33 Pitt, H. What do children observe and learn from televised sports betting advertisements? A qualitative study among Australian children. Harm Reduction Ddrevyanskiy, 14 111; doi: Derevyanskiy the relationship between mental health symptoms, problem behaviors and gambling among adolescents.
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As with adults, one could argue that it may be unrealistic to expect youth to stop gambling entirely, especially since it is exceedingly difficult to regulate access to all forms of gambling.
While we remain concerned about the occurrence of serious gambling problems amongst youth, it is important to note that the vast majority of youth who gamble do so without developing any significant gambling-related problems. The application and style of prevention approaches have shifted back and forth over the past decades, from abstinence to informed use Dickson et al. Despite the complexities of using the risk-protective factor model see Coie et al.
A strength of the risk-protective factor model is that it enables prevention specialists to create, evaluate and refine harm reduction prevention programs based upon changes in risk and protective factors that have been shown to account for changes in targeted behaviors, attitudes, etc. Coie et al. The examination of the commonalities of risk factors for problem gambling and other addictions provides sufficient evidence to suggest that gambling can similarly be incorporated into more general addiction and adolescent risk behavior prevention programs.
Current research efforts e. While high-risk behaviors share many common risk factors, risky activities differ on several important dimensions, and our examination of harm reduction prevention strategies suggests that the harm reduction approach is most appropriate for targeting those risky activities that lie on a continuum of harm when engaged in responsibly and moderately, yield no negative consequences and are socially acceptable Dickson et al.
As a result, a general mental health prevention program would seem to be most effective if it were to incorporate elements of both abstinence and harm reduction principles for youth gambling. For the vast majority of social and non-gamblers, a harm minimization approach will likely suffice. However, Gupta and Derevensky have argued that for those individuals exhibiting a significant gambling problem an abstinence model should be applied. Only recently have health professionals, educators and public policy-makers voiced an acknowledgment of the need for prevention of problem gambling amongst youth.
As previously noted, controversy continues about the prevalence of underage adolescents with gambling problems. These same researchers suggest that individuals 18 to 25 years of age are the highest risk group for gambling problems Ladouceur, If this is true, the question remains as to when these individuals began gambling, given the time delay between onset of gambling and pathological gambling behaviors. In light of the scarcity of empirical knowledge about the prevention of this disorder, the similarities between adolescent problem gambling and other risk behaviors particularly alcohol use and abuse — a prohibited substance for adolescents, yet legal for adults can be informative in our conceptualization of the future direction of youth gambling prevention programs.
Despite our limited knowledge of the role of protective factors in adolescent gambling problems additional empirical work needs to be done in this area , there is ample research to suggest that direct and moderator effects of protection can be used to guide the development of prevention and intervention efforts to help minimize adolescent risk behaviors.
An adapted version of Jessor's adolescent risk behavior model, delineated by Dickson et al. Today's youth will mature and become adults, having free access to multiple forms of legalized gambling.
The introduction of harm-reduction prevention initiatives to help youth become less vulnerable to the risks of a gambling problem is certainly desirable. Supported by research pointing to the critical task of targeting risk and protective factors in multiple domains Coie et al.
There remains little doubt that adolescents constitute a particularly high-risk group for acquiring a gambling problem given their high rates of risk-taking, their perceived invulnerability, their lack of recognition that gambling can lead to serious problems, and the social acceptability and glamorization of gambling throughout the world.
It is important to note that gambling issues cut across a number of other public health policy domains: social, economic, health and justice, and is only beginning to emerge as an important social policy issue. Given that it takes several years to develop a significant gambling problem the downward spiral presented in Lesieur's work , the true social impact upon youth will likely take years to realize. A concerted effort must be made to ensure that those statutes are adhered to and that there will be steep fines and penalties for operators and vendors violating such laws.
Where such laws don't exist, government legislators are strongly urged to initiate strong legislative statutes. Problematic gambling during adolescence remains a growing social and public health issue with serious psychological, sociological and economic implications. While the incidence of severe gambling problems amongst youth remains relatively small, the number of individuals with severe gambling problems combined with those at-risk for a gambling problem is substantial.
The devastating long-term consequences for those youth with gambling problems, their families, and friends, are enormous. Problematic gambling among adolescents is part of a larger constellation of problems associated with youth risky behaviors that must be addressed.
The field of youth gambling is relatively new, and as a result, there are significant gaps in our knowledge. Much of the research to date has focused on prevalence studies. While there is ample research from the alcohol, drug and cigarette smoking literature to suggest that a risk-resiliency model may have significant benefits for our understanding as to why some individuals are at high risk for developing a gambling problem, further research is required.
Governmental agencies, private foundations and the gaming industry would be well advised to help support research initiatives into better understanding this vulnerable population. M uch needed basic and applied research funding is required to help identify common and unique risk and protective factors for gambling problems and other addictive behaviors; longitudinal research to examine the natural history of pathological gambling from childhood to adolescence through later adulthood is required.
Molecular, genetic and neuropsychological research is necessary to help account for changes in gambling progression. A better understanding of the effects of accessibility and availability of gaming venues on future gambling behaviors is required.
Specific research needs to focus on gambling advertisements and the general availability of gambling opportunities and their relationship to the onset and maintenance of adolescent gambling and problem gambling. From a treatment perspective, funds must be made available to help those youth currently experiencing severe gambling and gambling-related behaviors and their families, and a variety of treatment models need to be tested and validated.
During the past 25 years, Dr. Lesieur's continued seminal research in the field has fostered a better understanding of this complex behavior, its measurement, its social and familial costs, ways of minimizing and preventing gambling problems and methods of treating individuals with gambling problems.
The scientific community has been greatly influenced by his early work and continued research efforts. Much of the research described in this paper has in some way been influenced by his work. For most adolescents and adults, gambling remains a form of entertainment without serious negative consequences. Yet, adolescent pathological gamblers, like their adult counterparts, continue to chase their losses, have a preoccupation with gambling and have an impaired ability to stop gambling, despite repeated attempts and their desire to do so.
This behavior continues independent of the accompanying negative consequences and ensuing problems. The next wave of research, as Henry Lesieur articulated at the Harvard Think Tank in , focused on adolescent gambling and problem gambling has only just begun in earnest. He is a clinical consultant to numerous hospitals, school boards, government agencies and corporations. Derevensky has published widely in the field of youth gambling, is associate editor of the Journal of Gambling Studies and is on the editorial board of several journals.
She has published widely and focuses her research and social policy work in the area of youth gambling issues. Gupta has provided more than clinical and research presentations at national and international conferences, has numerous publications in the field of youth gambling, and has provided expert testimony before a number of provincial and federal commissions in Canada and the United States. Abstract It's been 25 years since Henry Lesieur's seminal research on understanding compulsive gambling was published.
Risk factors and correlates What do we know about youth gambling? While there is some controversy in the literature regarding this conclusion, there is ample empirical research supporting this finding, given our current definition of pathological gambling and the screening instruments used for assessment Derevensky et al.
Adolescents with gambling problems have poor general coping skills Marget et al. A high proportion of youth with gambling problems report having a learning disability as well as poor family connectedness and low perceived social support Hardoon et al. Only a small percentage of individuals scoring in the pathological gambling range on multiple screening instruments perceive themselves as having a gambling problem.
Treatment Current treatment paradigms for adolescents and young adults have, in general, been based on a number of theoretical approaches and parallel those used for adults e. References American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Author. Arcuri, A. Lester, D.. Smith, E. Shaping adolescent gambling behavior. Adolescence , 20, Arnett, J..
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The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Addict Behav. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Objectives Late adolescence represents a developmental risk period when many youth become involved in multiple forms of high-risk behaviors with adverse consequences.
Study design Data are derived from a cohort study. Conclusions Gambling and sexual behaviors often co-occur among adolescents. Introduction Given the recent resurgence of legalized gambling in North America National Research Council, , considerable attention has been paid to the increased potential for problem and pathological gambling PG.
Methods Design and sample Data for this study came from participants of a randomized prevention trial who were recruited as they entered first grade. Adolescent Sexual History Lifetime history of sexual behavior up to age 18 was collected via computer —assisted self-reports during the age 19 assessment. Substance use Past year use of alcohol and illegal drugs i. Demographic characteristics Race, gender, household structure i. Analysis Following initial exploratory analysis e. Open in a separate window.
Discussion The main findings of this manuscript can be summarized as follows: among a sample of African-American youth a more gamblers than non-gamblers had initiated sexual intercourse by age 18; b among those who had initiated sexual activity, more gamblers than non-gamblers with high impulsivity levels at age 13 vs. Conclusion This study described associations between gambling and sexual behaviors by age 18, and found gambling to be positively associated with having engaged in sexual intercourse by age Footnotes Publisher's Disclaimer: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication.
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