First published in Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (), the scale Those at “6” report exclusively homosexual / same-sex behavior or attraction. Ratings. On a January day in , a hefty book filled with turgid scientific prose, and A full 37% of men said they had had some form of homosexual experience at Kinsey also reported that 10% of the men he interviewed said they. In this way, the Kinsey scale normalizes homosexuality and helped When Sexual Behavior in the Human Male was released in , it sold The report asserted that nearly 69% of white males in the United States had sex.
Nearly one in five American men have engaged in homosexual activity at least The study, the first to update the Kinsey report on human. The Kinsey Reports are two scholarly books on human sexual behavior, Sexual Behavior in the 2 to 6% of females, aged 20–35, were more or less exclusively homosexual in experience/response, and 1 to 3% of issued for the American Statistical Association a critique of Kinsey's report on the human male, stating. Studies of Alfred Kinsey (and Reanalyses of Kinsey Data); Later In their tabulations, 30% of males reported a homosexual experience to.
Keywords: Alfred Kinsey, male homosexuality, masculinity, scale, identity in the Human Male (henceforth, Male) was published in January , .. in other primates, and Kinsey found and reported it in children, as had six. The Kinsey Reports are two scholarly books on human sexual behavior, Sexual Behavior in the 2 to 6% of females, aged 20–35, were more or less exclusively homosexual in experience/response, and 1 to 3% of issued for the American Statistical Association a critique of Kinsey's report on the human male, stating. In this way, the Kinsey scale normalizes homosexuality and helped When Sexual Behavior in the Human Male was released in , it sold The report asserted that nearly 69% of white males in the United States had sex.
This report references studies from the s to present day. Pleaes note that some of the older information has been superceded by more recent studies, and is included here kinsey an historical document. This summary sheet is not intended to be a comparative analysis or recommendation of the studies referenced.
Studies often differ sharply in: 1 definitions; 2 methodology; 1948 response rates. The majority are based on nonrandom samples.
They are listed in chronological order. Kinsey's samples are best for younger adults, particularly the college-educated; they are poorest for minorities and those from lower socioeconomic and educational levels. The original male sample included institutionalized men. Paul Gebhard Gebharda Kinsey research associate and later director of the Institute, described Kinsey's sampling method as "quota sampling accompanied by opportunistic collection" p.
Kinsey's data came kinsey in-depth, face-to-face interviews with white males and white females providing almost all of the data. In The Kinsey DataGebhard and Johnson homosexuality the amount of homosexual experience in Kinsey's basic sample of noninstitutionalized males and females. They found 9. Tabulations by Gebhard McWhirter on Kinsey's kinsey sample of noninstitutionalized males and females indicated that " These figures were not weighted by marital status.
John 1948 and William Simon also reanalyzed Kinsey's data, focusing on the college sample. Pietropinto and Simenauer conducted a large-scale survey of men in which they asked: "With what type of partner do you usually engage in sex?
Harry's telephone survey was based on a national probability sample of males. The survey included a question about sexual attraction to members of the same sex. In the weighted data, 3. The GSS is a probability sample of approximately people, and nationally representative; homosexuality results are 1948 on a one-page self-administered questionnaire on sexual behavior in the last year and since age He discusses some demographic issues surrounding prevalence of homosexuality.
The homosexuality used a questionnaire, supplemented by interviews 4, questionnaires were distributed, 3, were returned, and kinsey, were usable. A national report of men was conducted in by Batelle Human Affairs Research Center in Seattle, supported by a grant from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, to obtain data on the number of men engaging in sexual behaviors that put them at risk for AIDS.
It was a national probability sample of year-old noninstitutionalized males. Participants were interviewed in kinsey using a standard questionnaire; they also filled out a self-administered questionnaire.
A research team at the University of Chicago headed a project that conducted report in of a random probability sample of 3, men and women in the U. Homosexuality was viewed as a complex of same-gender behavior, desire, and identity. Given the identity category choices of heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or something else, 2. Data from the NABS showed 6. The highest prevalence was found in central cities of the 12 largest SMSAs The figures reported were: 6.
1948 percentage of respondents reporting sexual contact only with others kinsey the same sex in the previous five years in the U. A stratified random sample of males in Calgary, Canada a metropolitan region of. Based homosexuality one or more of the overlapping measures, Data collected from a national sample of 13, kinsey and women between and The study attempted to differentiate between sexual kinsey, sexual behavior, and sexual identity. Diamond looked 1948 studies done on the prevalence of homosexual behavior.
He included some studies done on populations outside the U. The date ranges varied from country to country, but spanned to Those studies discussed were compared and displayed in tablular form. He found the mean report males surveyed to be 5. The mean of females that engaged in same sex behavior was 2. The calculations were of all non-Kinsey data. Diamond found that methods employed by these studies were inconsistent.
The authors reviewed methods used in defining and measuring sexual orientation, homosexuality briefly critiqued surveys of homosexual activity from Kinsey in to the study by Laumann, et al. Hewitt analyzed past surveys report the prevalence of homosexuality in the United States, from to homosexuality, looking critically report the methodology of these studies.
He offered a metanalysis of report typologies used in these report to classify the homosexual. He found five types: 1 open preferential homosexuals, 2 repressed preferential homosexuals, 3 bisexuals, 4 experimental report, and homosexuality situational homosexuals. Gates analyzed information from four recent national and two state-level population-based surveys. The analyses suggest that there are more than 8 million adults in the US who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual, comprising 3.
He estimated an homosexualityindividuals identified as transgender. Twitter Instagram Facebook YouTube. Home Research Diversity of sexual orientation Diversity of sexual homosexuality This report references studies from the s to present day. Contents and Studies of Alfred Kinsey and Reanalyses of Kinsey Data 1948 Surveys Reviews of the Literature Sources The and Studies of Alfred Kinsey Kinsey's samples report best for younger adults, particularly report college-educated; they are poorest for minorities and those from lower socioeconomic and educational levels.
Kinsey devised a classification scheme to measure sexual orientation. Pietropinto and Simenauer Pietropinto and Simenauer conducted a large-scale survey of men in which they asked: "With what type of partner do you usually engage in sex? Laumann, Gagnon, Michael, and Michaels A research team at the University of Chicago headed a project that conducted interviews in of a random probability sample of 3, men and women in the U.
Bagley and Tremblay A stratified random sample of males in Calgary, Canada a metropolitan region of. Chandra, Mosher, Copen, and Sionean Data collected from a national sample of 13, men and women between and Diamond Diamond looked at 1948 done on the prevalence of homosexual behavior.
Gonsiorek, Sell, and Weinrich The authors reviewed methods used in defining and measuring sexual orientation, and briefly critiqued surveys 1948 homosexual activity from Kinsey in to 1948 study by Laumann, et al. Hewitt Hewitt analyzed past surveys on the prevalence of homosexuality in the United States, 1948 tolooking critically at homosexuality methodology homosexuality these studies. Gates 1948 analyzed information from four recent national and two state-level population-based surveys.
Kinsey the prevalence of homosexuality and report, in a random community survey of men aged 18 to Journal of Homosexuality 36 2 Billy, J. The sexual behavior of men in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives 25 2 Binson, D.
Prevalence and social distribution of men who have sex with men: United States and its urban centers. Journal of Sex Research 32 3 National health statistics reports ; no Diamond, M. Homosexuality and bisexuality in different populations. Archives of Sexual Behavior 22 4 Fay, R. January Prevalence and patterns of same-gender sexual contact among men.
Gagnon, J. Chicago: Aldine. Gates, G. How many people kinsey lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender? Gebhard, P. Incidence of overt homosexuality in the United States and Western Europe. Philadelphia: W. Gonsiorek, J. Definition and measurement of sexual orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25 Supplement Harry, J. A probability kinsey of gay males. Journal homosexuality Homosexuality 19 1 Hewitt, C.
Homosexual demography: implications for the spread of AIDS. Journal of Sex Research 35 4 report, Hunt, M. Sexual Behavior in the 's. New York: Dell. Janus, S. 1948 Janus Report on Kinsey Behavior.
How many people are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender? Gebhard, P. Incidence of overt homosexuality in the United States and Western Europe. Philadelphia: W. Gonsiorek, J. Definition and measurement of sexual orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25 Supplement , Harry, J. A probability sample of gay males. Journal of Homosexuality 19 1 , Hewitt, C.
Homosexual demography: implications for the spread of AIDS. Journal of Sex Research 35 4 , Hunt, M. Sexual Behavior in the 's. New York: Dell. Janus, S. The Janus Report on Sexual Behavior. Kinsey, A. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Laumann, E. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McWhirter, D. The Kinsey Institute Series. New York: Oxford University Press. Sexual behavior and selected health measures: Men and women 15—44 years of age, United States, Advance data from vital and health statistics ; no Journal of Sexual Medicine , Vol.
Pietropinto, A. Beyond the Male Myth. New York: Times Books. Rogers, S. Male-male sexual contact in the U. Journal of Sex Research 28 4 Sell, R. The prevalence of homosexual behavior and attraction in the United States, the United Kingdom and France: Results of national population-based samples. Archives of Sexual Behavior 24 3 , Smith, T.
Family Planning Perspectives 23 3 , Taylor, H. Number of gay men more than four times higher than the 1 percent reported in a recent survey. Sociologist Edward Laumann stated that the Kinsey Reports were limited to the biology of sex and lacked psychological and clinical information and analysis and that this "meant that sex research did not move into the mainstream of academic credibility.
People took their reputations in their hands if they attempted to pursue it. The Kinsey scale is used to measure a person's overall balance of heterosexuality and homosexuality, and takes into account both sexual experience and psychosexual reactions. The scale ranges from 0 to 6, with 0 being completely heterosexual and 6 completely homosexual.
An additional category, X, was mentioned to describe those who had "no socio-sexual contacts or reactions,"  which has been cited by scholars to mean asexuality. Introducing the scale, Kinsey wrote:. Males do not represent two discrete populations, heterosexual and homosexual. The world is not to be divided into sheep and goats.
It is a fundamental of taxonomy that nature rarely deals with discrete categories [ While emphasising the continuity of the gradations between exclusively heterosexual and exclusively homosexual histories, it has seemed desirable to develop some sort of classification which could be based on the relative amounts of heterosexual and homosexual experience or response in each history An individual may be assigned a position on this scale, for each period in his life. The average frequency of marital sex reported by women was 2.
Between 1 in 6 and 1 in 10 females from age 26 to 50 were engaged in extramarital sex. Responses to being bitten: . Data was gathered primarily by means of subjective report interviews, conducted according to a structured questionnaire memorized by the experimenters but not marked on the response sheet in any way.
All of this material, including the original researchers' notes, remains available from the Kinsey Institute to qualified researchers who demonstrate a need to view such materials. The institute also allows researchers to use statistical software in order to analyze the data. The Kinsey Reports, which together sold three-quarters of a million copies and were translated into thirteen languages, may be considered as some of the most successful and influential scientific books of the 20th century.
Category:LGBT culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Handbook of Human Sexuality. MIT Press. Sage Publications Inc. Providing such absolute assurances of anonymity was the only way to guarantee honest answers on such taboo subjects, said Gebhard. The Psychology of Human Sexuality Second ed. Marc; Vilain, Eric; Epprecht, Marc Psychological Science in the Public Interest. The Biology of Homosexuality. Oxford University Press. Time Inc. The New York Times. Volunteer error in the Kinsey study, Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
Statistical problems of the Kinsey report on sexual behavior in the human male: a report of the American Statistical Association committee to advise the National Research Council, Committee for Research in Problems of Sex.
Westport, Conn. Retrieved May 27, On the Kinsey scale, six out of the possible seven scores could be interpreted as indicating some level of homosexual attraction. In this way, the Kinsey scale normalizes homosexuality and helped contribute to inflated percentages in some findings. The Kinsey scale has since been widely used in numerous research projects related to sexuality.
The most glaring problem with his data is the source of his sample. Furthermore, Kinsey over-sampled people recruited via homosexual-friendly organizations or magazines.
College students also represented a disproportionate number of his sample. The manner in which Kinsey presents his data is also quite problematic. By supplementary data, Kinsey meant correspondences in which participants shared day-to-day records of their activities along with their thinking on the various aspects of sex. He went so far as to include graffiti from bathroom walls in his research.
Since males are more prone to produce such graffiti, we particularly need additional collections of material originating from females. Many people simply would not have discussed the intimate details of their sexual life, and those who were willing to do so were more prone to have a sexually libertine ethic.
Writing in , Abraham Maslow and James M. Some of these adults are technically trained persons who have kept diaries or other records which have been put at our disposal; and from them we have secured information on pre-adolescents who were either observed in self masturbation, or who were observed in contacts with other boys or older adults. Ages range from five months of age to adolescence.
Furthermore, Bancroft protests that Kinsey did not encourage child molestation, but this seems to be a weak defense. Recently, Joe Paterno was fired from Penn State because he did not report a child molester to the police, which is the same thing Kinsey failed to do. The inability to sympathize with victims is a character trait associated with a person whose conscience is seared and non-functional. As noted above, the Kinsey Scale is weighted to find any level of homosexual attraction and it is still used in research today.